Action for Media Education History
PIXI Awards: Our First Media Lit Project
1989: Action for Media Education (AME) grew out of work taking place in a television project Marilyn Cohen was directing in the UW’s College of Education.
- This UW project provided educational programming designed specifically for preschool teachers and child care providers as well as parents.
- These programs were broadcast weekly overall Washington’s PBS stations.
1990: The UW project attracted the attention of Washington’s First Lady Jean Gardner.
1990-1991: Marilyn Cohen, Barbara Johnson, and project colleagues traveled the state with Washington’s First Lady Jean Gardner, surveying over 1000 parents in Yakima, Tri-Cities, Mt. Vernon, Bellingham, Vancouver, and Seattle.
- The purpose of these meetings (and the survey) was to find out more about the kinds of programming parents wanted to see on TV that would help and support them.
- Instead, the parents were eager to come to these meetings so that they could tell someone about their tremendous frustration with the programming that was currently available on TV.
- Surveys were completed during a meeting with the UW team and Mrs. Gardner. Additional surveys were also distributed following each of the meetings by community-based organizations.
- Funding for this project was provided by the Washington Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS), Division of Child and Family Services.
June 1991: The nonprofit Foundation for Family Television (Later known as AME) was formed
- The UW team shared results with the six communities involved in the survey.
- As they listened to the results, members of the community groups expressed strong interest in moving beyond the limited focus of the research. They wanted to begin addressing the needs that parents expressed in their meetings regarding their frustrations with family programming on TV.
- As an outgrowth of community interest, it was decided to form a new nonprofit organization called the Foundation for Family Television (FFT)
- FFT officers included Marilyn Cohen, Executive Director, Ann Suter, Chair, and Barbara Johnson, treasurer. As an outgrowth of community interest, it was decided to form a new nonprofit organization called the Foundation for Family Television (FFT).
1991-1993: Planning begins for the first PIXI Awards
- Action groups that became known as Academies for Family Television were formed in the six communities. Members of the first Seattle Academy included Linda Kennedy and Vicki Schoettle, Chair.
- All groups began planning PIXI Awards, an award designed to recognize quality TV programming for families.
- To identify quality programming, it was first necessary to define exactly what we were looking for in a program. To inform our decisions, each community assembled groups of reviewers representing a wide range of professionals working with children, including teachers, child psychologists, pediatricians, and social workers, along with parents.
- While everyone who was asked to serve as a reviewer could name a list of items they didn’t like, they had great difficulty deciding how to describe what they wanted to see in a program. Therein became our first media literacy project!
- Sources of funding for this endeavor included the Medina Foundation, US West Communications and the law firm Davis, Wright, Tremaine.
1993 – 2004: PIXI Awards Are Launched
- Named for the Pixel, the smallest component of the picture and its magical connection to the child, the smallest element of the audience.
- Using a set of criteria that a team of professionals and parents had identified as characterizing quality programming for children and families, a team of reviewers was assembled in each of 6 communities to evaluate a wide range of television programming intended for children and their families.
- Similar to the teams of reviewers that developed our criteria for quality programming these review teams included a wide range of professionals who worked with children (e.g. teachers, child psychologists, pediatricians, social workers) along with representatives of parent groups in each community.
- Along with Foundation’s children’s media critic, Lynn Ziegler, the review teams for each community selected a group of programs to receive our first PIXI Awards. These were programs that the reviewers considered quality programming for children and their families.
- The PIXI awards were given at special events resembling Emmy award ceremonies held in communities where the meetings with First Lady Jean Gardner had initially been held.
- Our first keynote speaker at a PIXI event, Peggy Charren of Action for Children’s Television once said, “You can’t turn on what isn’t there.” So it became AME’s mission during those early years to identify what was there! What were those quality programs that were being shown by local stations?
- The PIXI award events sponsored by local groups honored local TV stations as well as producers and others involved in creating the programs.
Watch Smart: Partnership with Seattle Public Libraries
1994 – 1996: Seattle Public Libraries and the Watch Smart Bookmark
- The Seattle Academy of the Foundation developed the Watch Smart bookmark.
- These bookmarks were widely distributed throughout the Seattle Public Library system.
Watch Smart: Partnership with Washington State PTA
1994 – 1998: Washington State PTA Projects
- Washington State PTA designated media literacy as a priority topic in 1995-97 and collaborated with the Foundation for Family Television to distribute a “media wellness” packet with the title “Be Smart, Watch Smart. A poster was also designed at this time for distribution to PTA groups across the state.
- The Foundation participated in the PTA’s Every Teen Counts project.The Foundation for Family Television (FFT) worked with the National PTA and their project Taking Charge of Your TV produced by Cable in the Classroom
- Foundation members gave presentations to PTA groups in the surrounding area.
Creating Critical Viewers Curriculum Project
1996 – 2002: Creating Critical Viewers Curriculum
- Our organization attracted the attention of the Seattle Chapter of the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (NATAS).
- NATAS had sponsored the development of a new media literacy curriculum called Creating Critical Viewers (CCV). It was written by Yale educators, Jerome and Dorothy Singer.
- The decision by NATAS to develop a media literacy curriculum in the 1990s was a statement by certain broadcasters to take seriously the ethical and social questions being raised about the impact of their work and to learn how to address those questions through education.
- NATAS identified CCV coordinators in 17 cities to promote CCV and work with educators. Because Seattle had a very active NATAS chapter and the Foundation for Family Television had a strong interest in media literacy, it was chosen as one of the major sites.
- Marilyn Cohen, Vicki Schoettle (who became coordinator of the CCV Project and later one of AME’s chairs) along with Seattle NATA’s representative Catherine Carbone met with John Stanford, then superintendent of Seattle Schools. This group convinced him to try using CCV in select Seattle classrooms.
- With support from the Superintendent and his administrative staff, the Foundation began recruiting interested Seattle teachers in becoming involved with the new CCV project. As a result, CCV, this first media literacy project in the Seattle area, became a reality.
- Teachers who became involved in the CCV Project represented a wide range of areas, including Language Arts, Social Studies, Health, and Graphics Arts. One of the teachers also taught a video production class. These teachers all found strategies for integrating CCV into the curriculum for their respective subject areas.
- It should also be noted that as the Seattle teachers became more involved in CCV, they began producing and sharing their own lessons to supplement those in the CCV curriculum.
- The Seattle CCV Project received special recognition at the Northwest Regional Emmy Awards (2000)
Conferences and Presentations
1996 – Present: Conferences and Presentations
- Presentations featuring Foundation speakers were given at two institutes (Spokane and Seattle) sponsored by the Washington State Department of Health (1996).
- Foundation members also gave presentations in a variety of venues focused on media literacy-based curriculum materials for health-related issues (1997-2000).
- Foundation (AME) speakers have given presentations at national media literacy conferences including the yearly conferences held in Los Angeles, San Francisco, St. Paul, St. Louis, and Colorado Springs.
- Presentations were given at Washington’s Images of Youth conferences sponsored by UW’s Northwest Center for Excellence in Media Literacy with funding from the Washington State Department of Health (DOH), DSHS, and OSPI. (1997-2006).
- AME has continued throughout the years to make presentations at state conferences as well as to many different school and community groups that have requested its services.
Violence and Media Project
1998 – 2002: Violence and Media Project
- With support from the Governor’s Juvenile Justice Committee and NATAS, we were able to launch a major violence and media project in Seattle Public Schools involving 9 Seattle middle schools and 4 high schools.
- Working with its UW affiliate the NW Center for Excellence in Media Literacy, we developed a new Violence and Media curriculum that was used in this project. AME member Jennifer Slack was the coordinator of this project.
- The curriculum involved youth in expressing their own voices about how to prevent violence and led to school-wide violence prevention campaigns in several Seattle schools.
- The project culminated in a city-wide Youth Violence Summit where youth showcased their projects.
- In the project’s final year, the Violence and Media Project was expanded to Kitsap County.
Middle School Media Lab Project
1998 – 2002: Aki Kurose Middle School Media Lab
- With support from the Washington State Department of Health (DOH) and NATAS, we were able to introduce a media lab to Aki Kurose Middle School.
- With this funding, the school was able to purchase cameras and other equipment needed to offer a fully functional media lab. The funding also allowed them to fund two part-time media instructors for this lab.
- During this period Linda Kennedy and former AME chair Claire Beach served as instructors.
- The students began producing regular newscasts including health-related messages for their school.
- A highlight for the students took place when their teacher took a group to film at the WTO. There the students met and taped interviews with then-President Clinton to include on their newscasts.
1999: Official name change made from Foundation for Family Television to Action for Media Education (AME)
Teens Tobacco and Media Project
2001 – 2002: Tobacco Prevention Projects
- Our members led several projects focused on tobacco prevention highlighting the student’s voice. One of these grant-funded projects was launched by AME members Linda Kennedy and Claire Beach at Black Diamond Community Center. The purpose of this project was to educate students who would then educate their communities
- In this project, students took the unprecedented step of taking their proposals to the City Council and asking to get the rules changed about the distance that secondhand smoke could be generated from a public facility. In 2002, this was quite ground-breaking!
- Another of these projects led by Linda and Claire focused on Somali youth. Student leaders from the training sessions then conducted sessions for adults, community leaders, and other community members focused on tobacco prevention and media literacy.
Developing Online Presence
2003 – present: AME’s Online Presence
- AME members dedicated effort to developing a website (2003) www.action4mediaeducation.org
- AME member Lila Cabello Drain totally upgraded, revised, and redesigned the AME website (2015) including a blog that she initiated and regularly updated until 2017.
- AME member Sue Cook continued the blog and in addition, initiated an AME Facebook page (2017 -2019).
- AME member Jenny Gawronski assumed AME communications team lead (2019), continuing the work of updating the AME website, blog, and Facebook page
- 2020 Hina Shahid assumed leadership of the team with AME volunteer Lillian Huang developing Instagram accounts for AME and AME’s project the Corona Multimedia Showcase. AME’s Twitter was also added.
- 2021: Di Zhang assumed the oversight of the AME communications team.
AME and the FCC
2004 – present: AME Supports Net Neutrality
- AME members organized an event on the University of Washington campus to raise awareness about upcoming FCC action.
- AME members spoke out at a Town Hall meeting focused on Net Neutrality. (2005)
- Lynn Ziegler, as AME’s representative, submitted a 7-page document of AME comments to the FCC. (January 2010)
- AME members reached out to their networks regarding the need to submit comments to the FCC. (2017)
AME and Food for Thought Project
2005 – 2008: AME and Food for Thought Project
- With support from the Seattle-King County Department of Health and CDC, AME was able to work on a media literacy-based nutrition education project called Food for Thought.
- This project was designed to reach parents of preschool children enrolled in the Puget Sound Educational Service District’s Head Start and ECEAP (Early Childhood Educational Assistance) programs.
- For this nutrition project, AME developed a 60-minute multimedia presentation which was then offered to 10 community groups reaching over 160 parents.
- AME modified its presentation package by placing the materials in both English and Spanish on an easy-to-use CD. AME also printed copies of the booklet it had designed to accompany each of the Food for Thought presentations.
- AME member John Engerman designed all the graphics for the Food for Thought program.
- AME provided a training session for all interested partners at the Seattle-King County Department of Health.
- The focus of this highly successful project was to train parents to serve as presenters to other parents. The project focused largely on parents in South King County.
- Presentations were given by parents in settings ranging from living rooms filled with neighbors, friends, and relatives to PTA groups, faith-based groups, and other organizations to which parents belonged.
- AME developed a media literacy-based website for parents of preschool children (http://www.nutritionandmedia.org/).
2006 – 2011: Images of Youth Festivals
- The purpose of these festivals was to allow teens to use video as a medium to express their views as to how middle and high school students see themselves and the world in which they live. Selected topics were highlighted for each festival.
- The primary focus was on the content of the videos; the production quality was considered of secondary importance.
- AME members developed a set of guidelines as well as other background and submission information for applicants. These materials are still posted on our Images of Youth website as resources for other organizations offering video festivals. Videos showcased in each festival can also be found on our Images of Youth website (www.imagesofyouthfilmfestival.org)
- All video submissions were first reviewed by a group of festival judges including media professionals and educators. AME also recruited youth to serve as a panel of judges carefully critiquing festival entries and determining which of the many entries would receive special festival awards. In addition, youth were an integral part of the video festival event, introducing all videos that were showcased.
- These festivals attracted youth entries from throughout Washington along with some entries from out of state and even a few from outside the US.
- The mini-grants we received from the King County Community Organizing Program were an important source of support for some of these festivals.
- Festival audiences included peers, teachers, parents, and interested community members.
- Roberta Johnson, former AME chair, initiated the festivals and served as their coordinator (2006-2007). In later years, coordinators were AME members Jennifer Slack (2008-2010) and Barbara Johnson and Stacey Jenkins (2011). All graphic design for Images of Youth posters and other festival material was provided by AME member John Engerman. AME’s Cheryll Hidalgo served as technical coordinator and production manager for the festivals.
- As an outgrowth of these festivals, two AME members Cheryll Hidalgo and Claire Beach were invited to bring students to an international film camp held in Seoul, South Korea. The contacts at this camp have led to other invitations to attend international film camps.
2011 – 2012: Exploring New Directions for Promoting Media Literacy
- In 2011 after much consideration AME determined that there were now many more opportunities for youth to enter their work in video festivals than there had been at the time our first festival was launched. In addition, the festivals were beginning to detract from our core mission of both promoting and providing media literacy education to children and youth as well as to those who work and live with them.
- AME members examined several new options for focusing more directly on its mission.
Action Media Project
2012 – 2014: Action Media Project (AMP)
- The goal of the Action Media Project was to educate youth about media literacy.
- The youth board that AME recruited described their mission as “helping young people create their own lens through which to critically examine and understand media.”
- Teen board meetings were held with the AMP coordinator Kathryn Middleton and select AME members.
- Teens were regularly contacted by the AMP coordinator.
- AME developed materials for the teen board members.
- As the teen board began to discuss content, it became clear that the primary venue for this group would be a webpage where content could take the form of articles, videos, news stories, movie reviews, and more. Teens also envisioned developing content for a YouTube channel that would link with the website.
- The teen board met with AME member and graphic designer John Engerman to determine the “look and feel” for their new website. (The AMP website has now been integrated into the AME website (www.action4mediaeducation.org)
- AME members started during this time to focus on the importance of working with legislators to support new media literacy legislation.
- The Action Media Project initiative was proving extremely labor-intensive for the group to maintain as other projects began to take precedence.
Media Literacy Legislation
Fall 2014 – present: Media Literacy Legislation and Follow-up Efforts
- AME has served as a major catalyst for the legislation that has now passed in Olympia.
- Claire Beach, former AME chair, recruited Senator Marko Liias from her 21st District to serve as a sponsor for Washington’s media literacy legislation.
- AME members have testified in Olympia before both House and Senate committees. AME member Linda Kennedy was one of several AME members who have testified regarding the importance of passing media literacy legislation.
- ESSB 6273 passed in 2016
- ESSB 5449 passed in 2017
- Legislation passed 2019 providing OSPI funding to support the first media literacy-based grants to teams of educators representing school districts across Washington.
- Following up on the legislative mandates, AME members have served on advisory committees for the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) and the Washington State School Directors’ Association (WSSDA).
- 2021: Biggest victory yet! Legislation funding:
- Continuing funding of media literacy curriculum grants administered by OSPI
- Initiated funding of grants for professional learning communities
- Funding for 2 media literacy regional conferences for Washington State in 2022.
- Funding will be continued for 10 years!
- Governor Jay Inslee has issued a Proclamation declaring Media Literacy Week in WA each year since 2018.
2015 – present: Participated in National Media Literacy Week
- Governor Inslee has issued a proclamation for Media Literacy Week in WA each year since 2018
- AME 25th anniversary celebration was held during Media Literacy Week 2016.
- Michael Danielson, AME chair, was the National Association for Media Literacy Education’s (NAMLE) Northwest Chair for Media Literacy Week 2017.
- AME highlighted on its website some of Washington’s champions for media literacy education (2017).
- AME celebrated its 30th anniversary during Media Literacy Week 2021.
Corona Multimedia Showcase
- In March 2020 when the world was facing a pandemic, Action for Media Education and its partners the International Janusz Korczak Foundation and Child Rights in Action launched a major initiative.
- The Corona Multimedia Showcase was designed to encourage children to use their favorite form of media to express their thoughts, feelings, and ideas during the time of a worldwide pandemic.
- Children and youth 3-19 from every continent (with the exception of Antarctica) submitted their media projects